India Growth Predicted to Slow by ADB at 6.4%


The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has revised its growth forecast for India downwards from 7.2% to 6.4%, citing a global slowdown, tight monetary conditions, and elevated oil prices. Nonetheless, ADB anticipates that growth will bounce back to 6.7% in 2024-25, powered by private consumption and investment. India is deemed to be faring better compared to various other economies, as its economic growth rate rests on robust domestic consumption and reduced dependence on global demand. The report lauded India’s adherence to fiscal prudence and the Gati Shakti scheme initiated by the Prime Minister. As per ADB, weather-related and geopolitical tensions might impact India’s growth.

Current projections place India’s growth rate at 6.8% in FY23 and 6.4% in 2023-24, declining moderately as per Asian Development Bank’s outlook. India’s country director for the Gati Shakti scheme, Takeo Konishi, pointed out that domestic consumption is relatively secure, while demands from abroad seem to have waned. Private consumption and investment will drive the growth rate upwards to 6.7% in 2024-25. Emphasis has been laid on streamlining the labour regulations and improving the business environment for young entrepreneurs, amongst other progress-oriented initiatives, in order to strengthen industrial competitiveness and boost near future growth.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is predicted to raise interest rates by 0.25 percentage points to 6.75% by April 6. ADB has monitored states’ quality of expenditure and private borrowings, taking note of the Centre’s higher capital investment for the coming year. Recovery in the tourism and contact-intensive services sector is likely to assist in restoring service sector expansion. Furthermore, exports are envisioned to revive in tandem with nascent gains in electronics and other areas of manufacturing. The Asian Development Bank’s Outlook outlines a decline in inflation to 5% in the 2023-24 fiscal and 4.5% further in the oncoming year, granted that food and oil prices continue to remain low.

The ADB headquarters at Manila indicated expansion in Asia and worldwide to level out at pre-pandemic rates in the forthcoming year. While India’s growth rate may slightly suffer as predicted, it is recommended that the other economies of Asian region can expect to see a development by 4.8% in 2023, increased from the earlier 4.2%. The Moscow-Ukraine conflict and risks to financial stability could be potentially halting the recovery skyrocketing.

The Asian Development Bank is a multilateral development finance organization that was established in 1966 with 67 member countries. ADB’s mission is to carry out sustainable economic progress and improve living conditions in Asia and the Pacific, particularly for vulnerable and poor communities. ADB provides grants and loans for projects and offer specialist advice and technical assistance to governments and private organisations in developing countries, focusing heavily on reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. ADB leverages the interplay between public and private resources in order to create trust and bridge the gap between finance and development.